I. Introductory paragraph with brief definitions of terminology

A. Subjective definition

1. Assessment relying on personal opinions, feelings, or perceptions.

2. Evaluation based on individual judgments without strict criteria.

B. Objective definition

1. Assessment based on measurable data and standardized criteria.

2. Evaluation using quantifiable and verifiable information.

II. Examples of types of assessments in each category

A. Subjective assessment examples

1. Polling residents about their sense of safety in the city.

2. Surveys asking law enforcement officers to rate the perceived severity of crime in certain neighborhoods.

3. Community forums to discuss crime-related issues based on citizens’ experiences and fears.

B. Objective assessment examples

1. Analyzing official crime statistics from police records.

2. Examining crime rates per capita, including homicide rates, robbery rates, etc.

3. Comparing crime trends over several years based on documented data.

III. Advantages of using each type

A. Subjective assessment advantages

1. Provides qualitative insights and perspectives on crime issues.

2. Can capture emotions and nuances that may not be apparent in objective data.

3. Allows for a better understanding of community concerns and priorities.

B. Objective assessment advantages

1. Offers accurate and reliable data for analysis.

2. Allows for easy comparison between different cities or time periods.

3. Provides a solid foundation for evidence-based policymaking.

IV. Disadvantages of using each type

A. Subjective assessment disadvantages

1. Subject to bias and individual perceptions.

2. Difficult to quantify and generalize results.

3. Lack of standardization may lead to inconsistent findings.

B. Objective assessment disadvantages

1. May overlook specific community concerns or qualitative aspects.

2. Potential underreporting or misclassification of crimes in official records.

3. Inability to capture new or emerging types of crime without a corresponding category in data.

V. Findings and Conclusion

A. Findings

1. Subjective assessments reveal community fears and concerns about crime levels.

2. Objective assessments provide precise data for direct comparison between New Orleans and Kansas City.

B. Conclusion

1. Subjective assessments are valuable for understanding community perceptions but may not be sufficient on their own.

2. Objective assessments offer reliable data but might lack the emotional and qualitative aspects of subjective evaluations.



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